The Evaporative Emissions System (EVAP) is like a special part in a car that helps to keep the air clean and the environment healthy. Imagine if your car had a nose, and this nose could smell if there were any stinky fumes coming from the gasoline in your car. Well, that's kind of what the EVAP system does, but it uses special equipment instead of a nose.
"The EVAP system has a special container in your car that holds invisible fumes from the gasoline and keeps them from going into the sky. It's like a magic box for these fumes!
Sometimes, when the car is working just right, it takes those fumes from the magic box and mixes them with the stuff that makes the car go (that's the air and gasoline mixture). This happens when the car is being very careful with how it uses fuel.
But if the magic box "EVAP Canister" isn't working properly, it can make the car use too much gasoline, like eating too much candy. And that's not good because it can make the car's smoke dirty "run rich". Also, when you go to check if the car is clean, it might fail the emissions test.
So, the EVAP system collects gasoline fumes from the gas tank, keeps them in a secret box, and only lets them out to mix with the air and gas when everything is just right. It's like a car's secret gas-saving trick!"
Non Computer Control EVAP Systems
"Some older cars had a special way to clean up extra gasoline fumes, but they didn't have advanced computer systems like today's cars. Instead, they used something called a 'vacuum purge' that worked with the engine's vacuum power, kind of like a vacuum cleaner.
This system was good at controlling how it cleaned up the fumes. However, unlike newer cars, these older systems couldn't check if there were any leaks. Sometimes, the car's brain (the ECM) didn't even know for sure if the cleaning process happened."
"Regular EVAP systems can only tell if the cleaning process is happening; they can't check for leaks. That means they don't have a special test to see if there are any leaks in the system."
"Improved EVAP systems are like detectives for car fumes. They can find both leaks and check if the cleaning is happening "Purging" using special switches and sensors. You can spot them because they have something called a 'vent valve and a Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor'
These systems are found in all cars made in 1998 or later. Depending on how new the car is, these systems can find tiny leaks as small as a pinhead or even smaller. They do this by either making the air inside the car's gas system suck in (like a vacuum) or pushing it out (like a pump) to check for leaks."
Understanding EVAP Emissions System
Explain the difference between the two systems. Enhanced and Non Enhanced EVAP systems or Do you have a vehicle YOU fix, with either of these systems please share.
Evaporative Emissions: Vacuum Decay
Setting the Stage: The enhanced evaporative system, also known as EVAP, is a part of a car's engine that deals with gasoline fumes. These fumes can be harmful to the environment, so the EVAP system's job is to capture them and prevent them from escaping into the air.
Creating a Vacuum: The vacuum decay system is one way the EVAP system checks for leaks. Imagine a vacuum cleaner that sucks up dirt from the floor. In this case, the vacuum decay system does something similar but with air inside the car's fuel system.
Sealing the System: Before the test begins, the EVAP system seals off the entire fuel system, making it airtight. It's like sealing a bag of chips so no air can get in or out.
Measuring the Pressure: Once everything is sealed up tight, the EVAP system starts measuring the air pressure inside the fuel system. It's like checking if the bag of chips is still puffy or if it's getting squished.
Waiting and Watching: The system then waits and watches for a little while. It's like keeping an eye on the bag of chips to see if it stays puffy or starts to deflate.
Detecting Leaks: If there's a leak in the fuel system (a tiny hole or crack), the air pressure inside the system will drop. The EVAP system's sensors can detect this drop in pressure, just like you'd notice the bag of chips getting flatter.
Reporting the Findings: If the EVAP system detects a pressure drop, it knows there's a leak somewhere. It will then alert the car's computer, which can trigger a warning light on your dashboard to let you know something's wrong.
So, in simple terms, the vacuum decay system in the enhanced evaporative system seals the car's fuel system, measures the air pressure inside it, and checks if the pressure drops, which would indicate a leak. This helps keep the environment clean and ensures your car is working properly.
Honda and Toyota Enhance Evaporative System
Both Honda and Toyota, like many other automakers, use a sophisticated Enhanced Evaporative Emission System (EVAP) to manage gasoline fumes and detect leaks. Let's break down how their fuel tank pressure and canister vacuum system works and how they can isolate the fuel tank from the charcoal canister to pinpoint leaks:
1. Fuel Tank Pressure and Canister Vacuum:
Fuel Tank Pressure: Inside your car's gas tank, there are gasoline fumes. These fumes can pollute the air if they escape. Honda and Toyota's enhanced EVAP systems include a special sensor that measures the pressure in the fuel tank. It's like checking how full or empty a balloon is.
Charcoal Canister: These car makers use a charcoal canister, which is like a sponge made of activated charcoal. It's connected to the fuel tank and stores those gasoline fumes, preventing them from escaping into the air.
2. Isolating the Fuel Tank:
Valves and Pipes: Honda and Toyota's systems have valves and pipes that can open and close. These valves can isolate the fuel tank from the charcoal canister, just like turning off a water faucet.
Testing for Leaks: When they want to check for leaks, they close off the fuel tank and the charcoal canister from each other. Then, they use the fuel tank pressure sensor to see if the pressure inside the fuel tank changes over time. If it does, it could mean there's a leak somewhere in the system.
3. Pinpointing Leaks:
Pressure Drop: If there's a leak in the system, the pressure inside the fuel tank will drop. Honda and Toyota's advanced EVAP systems can detect even small pressure drops.
Alerting the Driver: If a leak is detected, the car's computer will trigger a warning light on the dashboard to let the driver know there might be a problem.
So, in simple terms, Honda and Toyota's enhanced EVAP systems use sensors to measure fuel tank pressure and can isolate the fuel tank from the charcoal canister to check for leaks. If they detect a drop in pressure, they can pinpoint where the leak might be, helping to keep the air clean and the car running smoothly. It's like having a detective inside the car that looks out for any sneaky gasoline fumes trying to escape!
Leak Detection Pump
The LDP system pressurizes or creates a vacuum in the evaporative emission system through the use of a leak detection pump.
By creating a vacuum or pressure and while monitoring the Reed Switch the PCM can determine if there is a leak in the Evaporative Emission Control System.
Some other model vehicles used a Diagnostic Module for Tank Leakage pump to pressurize the system with the engine off
Have A Great Story About This Topic?
Have you ever had a problem with a Leak Detection Pump, PLEASE Share!! If not explain the LDP Operation.
Certainly! Let's break down how the Engine Off Natural Vacuum Leak Detection (NVLD) system works in simple terms for Chrysler, Ford, GM, and Honda vehicles:
1. Collecting Gasoline Fumes:
Imagine your car's gas tank is like a container filled with gasoline fumes, just like a balloon filled with air.
The NVLD system has a special sensor that can sense these gasoline fumes.
2. Creating a Vacuum:
When you turn off your car's engine, the NVLD system works on the vacuum/pressure principle of fluid in a container. A good example would be the a gas can in your garage. If you sit the can in the hot sun and it's sealed It creates a pressure within the can. If you sit the same can in a cooler place a vacuum or suction inside the container will occur.
3. Sealing the System:
The car's NVLD system seals off the fuel system tightly so no air can get in or out.
4. Watching for Changes:
Then, the NVLD system watches closely to see if the pressure inside the sealed fuel system changes over time while the engine is off. If there's a leak, the pressure might change.
5. Detecting Leaks:
If there's a leak in the system (even a tiny one), the pressure inside the fuel system will change. The NVLD system's sensor can detect this change and knows there's a leak somewhere. It's looking for a leak as small as 020" inch
6. Alerting the Driver:
If a leak is detected, your car's computer can trigger a warning light on your dashboard. This tells you that there might be a problem with gasoline fumes escaping when the engine is off.
So, in simple terms, the Engine Off Natural Vacuum Leak Detection (NVLD) system in Chrysler, Ford, GM, and Honda cars works like a detective while your car is turned off. It creates a vacuum, seals the fuel system, watches for pressure changes, and lets you know if there's a leak when the engine is not running.
Here's a summarized version of the previous information and more EVAP Emission concepts using bullet points:
Diurnal Loss: Fuel vapors can escape during the day due to temperature changes.
Hot Soak: Vapors escape when the car's engine is hot and turned off.
Running Loss: During driving, the engine can emit vapors.
Resting Loss: When the car is off, some vapors can still escape.
Evaporative Operation: Captures and stores fuel vapors, then purges them into the intake manifold.
Non-ECM Controlled EVAP System: Doesn't work during cold starts to avoid issues and uses a thermal vacuum switch.
Enhanced EVAP System: Required since 1998; identifies tiny leaks, isolates fuel tank, and checks for leaks and purge flow.
Fuel Tank Pressure/Canister Vacuum: Honda and Toyota systems use these to pinpoint leaks.
Engine Off Natural Vacuum Leak: Checks for small leaks as small as 0.020 inches when the engine is off.
Leak Detection Pump: Creates a vacuum or a pressure to detect and pinpoint leaks in the EVAP system.